Syllabus For The Subject Power Plant Engineering

POWER PLANT ENGINEERING

 

 

1) Introduction: Economic of Power Generation

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Load-Duration Curves

1.3 Location of Power Plants

1.4 Power Plant Economic

1.5 Indian Energy Scenario

1.6 Coal-Fuelled Electricity Generating Unit

2) Analysis of Steam Cycle 

2.1 Steam Power Plant

2.2 Rankin Cycle

2.3 Carnot Cycle

2.4 Mean Temperature of Heat Addition

2.5 Effects of Variation of Steam Condition on Thermal Efficiency of Steam Power Plant

2.6 Reheating of Steam

2.7 Regeneration

2.8 Regenerative Feed water heating

2.9 Feed water Heaters

2.10 Canonization of Rankin Cycle

2.11 Optimum Degree of Regeneration

2.12 Supercritical Pressure Cycle

2.13 Steam Power Plant Appraisal

2.14 Desecrator

2.15 Typical Layout of Steam Power Plant

2.16 Efficiencies in a Steam Power Plant

2.17 Cogeneration of Power and Process Heat 

3) Combined Cycle Power Generation 

3.1 Flaws of Steam as Working Fluid in Power Cycle

3.2Characteristics of Ideal Working Fluid for Vapor Power Cycle

3.3 Binary Vapor Cycle

3.4 Coupled Cycle

3.5 Combined Cycle Plants

3.6 Gas Turbine-Steam Turbine Power Plant

3.7 MHD-Steam Power Plant

3.8 Thermionic-Steam Power Plant

 4) Fuel and Combination 

4.1 Coal

4.2 Coal Analysis

4.3 Fuel Oil

4.4 Natural and Petroleum Gas

4.5 Emulsion Firing

4.6 Coal-Oil and Coal-Water Mixtures

4.7 Industrial Wastes and Byproducts

4.8 Synthetic Fuels

4.9 Biomass

4.10 Thermodynamic View

4.11 Combustion Reactions

4.12 Mass Balance of a Steam Generator

4.13 Energy Balance of a Steam Generator

4.14 Draught (or draught) System

4.15 Fans

4.16 Heat of Combustion

4.17 Heating Values: Enthalpy of Combustion

4.18 Theoretical Flame Temperature

4.19 Free energy of Formation

4.20 Equilibrium Constant Kp

4.21 Effects of Dissociation 

5) Combustion Mechanism, Combustion Equipment and Firing Methods 

5.1 Kinetics of Combustion Reaction

5.2 Mechanics of Solids Fuel Combustion

5.3 Kinetic and Diffusion Control

5.4 Combustion Equipment

5.5 Fuel Bed Combustion

5.6 Mechanical Stokers

5.7 Pulverized coal  Firing System

5.8 Cyclone Furnace

5.9 Fluidized Bed Combustion

5.10 Coal Gasifies

5.11 Combustion of Fuel Oil

5.12 Combustion of Gas

5.13 Combined Gas Fuel Oil Burners 

6) Steam Generators

 6.1 Basic Types of Steam Generators

6.2 Fire-Tube Boilers

6.3 Water-Tube Boilers

6.4 Economizers

6.5 Repeaters

6.6 Super heaters

6.7 Steam Generators Control

6.8 Air Preheated

6.9 Fluidized Bed Boilers

6.10 Electrostatic Precipitator

6.11 Fabric Filters and Bag houses

6.12 Ash Handling System

6.13 Feed water Treatment

6.14 Desecration

6.15 Evaporation

6.16 Internal Treatment

6.17 Boiler Blow down

6.18 Steam Purity 

7) Steam Turbines 

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Flows through Nozzle

7.3 Turbine Balding

7.4 Electrical Energy Generation 

8) Condenser, Feeder Water and Circulating Water System

 8.1 Need of a Condenser

8.2 Direct Contact Condenser

8.3 Surface Condenser

8.4 Feed water Heater

8.5 Circulating Water System

8.6 Cooling Towers

8.7 Cooling Tower Calculations 

9) Nuclear Power Plants 

9.1 Structure of the Atoms

9.2 Chemical and Nuclear Reaction

9.3 Nuclear Stability and Binding Energy

9.4 Radioactivity Decay and Half Life

9.5 Nuclear Fission

9.6 Chain Reaction

9.7 Neutron Energies

9.8 Nuclear Cross- Sections

9.9 Neutron flux and Reaction Rates

9.10 Moderating Power and Moderating Ratio

9.11 Variation of Neutron Cross- section with Neutron Energy

9.12 Neutron Life Cycle

9.13 Reflectors

9.14 Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow in Nuclear Reactor

9.15 Types of Reactors

9.16 Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR)

9.17 Boiled Water Reactor (BWR)

9.18 Gas-Cooled Reactors

9.19 Liquid

9.20 Heavy Water Reactors

90.21 India’s Nuclear Power Programmed

9.22 Fusion Power Reactors 

10) Hydro Electric Power Plant 

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Advantage and Disadvantage of Water Power

10.3 Optimization of Hydro-Thermal Mix

10.4 Selection of Site for a Hydroelectric Plant

10.5 Hydrological Cycle

10.6 Hydrograph

10.7 Storage and Pond age

10.8 Essential Elements of a Hydroelectric Power Plant

10.9 Classification of Hydroelectric Power Plant

10.10 Hydraulic Turbines

10.11Turbine Size

10.12 Peloton Wheels

10.13 Degree of Reactions

10.14 Francis Turbines

10.15 Propeller and Kaplan Turbines

10.16 Derail Turbine

10.17 Bulb Turbine

10.18 Specific Speed

10.19 Comparison of Turbines

10.20 Cavitations

10.21 Governing of Hydraulic Turbine

10.22 Governing of Reaction Turbines

10.23Surge Tanks

10.24 Performance of Tanks

10.25 Selection of Turbines 

11) Diesel Engine and Gas Turbine Power Plants 

11.1 Application of Diesel Engine in Power Plant

11.2 Advantages and Disadvantages of Diesel Engine Power Plant

11.3 Types of Diesel Plants

11.4 General Layout

11.5 Combustion in a CI Engines

11.6 Performance Characteristics

11.7 Supercharging

11.8 Layout of a Diesel Engines Power Plant

11.9 Gas Turbine Power Plant

11.10 Components of Gas Turbine Plant

11.11 Gas Turbine Fuel

11.12 Gas Turbine Materials

11.13 Free Piston Engine Plant 

12) Energy Storage 

12.1 Pumped Hydro

12.2 Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES)

12.3 Flywheel Energy Storage

12.4 Electrochemical Energy Storage

12.5 Magnetic Energy Storage

12.6 Thermal Energy Storage

12.7 Chemical Energy Storage

12.8 Hydrogen Energy

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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