Syllabus For The Subject Computer

COMPUTER

Table of Contents

About the Tutorial .................................................................................................................................. i

Audience ................................................................................................................................................ i

Prerequisites .......................................................................................................................................... i

Copyright & Disclaimer ........................................................................................................................... i

Table of Contents .................................................................................................................................. ii

1. COMPUTER FUNDAMENTALS - OVERVIEW ........................................................................ 1

Functionalities of a Computer ............................................................................................................... 1

Advantages of Computers ..................................................................................................................... 1

Disadvantages of Computers ................................................................................................................. 3

2. COMPUTER FUNDAMENTALS - APPLICATIONS .................................................................. 4

3. COMPUTER FUNDAMENTALS - GENERATIONS .................................................................. 8

First Generation Computers .................................................................................................................. 8

Second Generation Computers ............................................................................................................ 10

Third Generation Computers ............................................................................................................... 11

Fourth Generation Computers ............................................................................................................. 12

Fifth Generation Computers ................................................................................................................ 13

4. COMPUTER FUNDAMENTALS - TYPES ............................................................................. 15

5. COMPUTER FUNDAMENTALS - COMPONENTS ................................................................ 18

6. COMPUTER FUNDAMENTALS - CENTRAL PROCESSING UNIT ........................................... 20

7. COMPUTER FUNDAMENTALS - INPUT DEVICES ............................................................... 22 iii

 

8. COMPUTER FUNDAMENTALS - OUTPUT DEVICES ........................................................... 29

Monitors.............................................................................................................................................. 29

Printers ................................................................................................................................................ 30

9. COMPUTER FUNDAMENTALS - MEMORY ........................................................................ 36

Cache Memory .................................................................................................................................... 36

Primary Memory (Main Memory) ........................................................................................................ 37

Secondary Memory ............................................................................................................................. 38

10. COMPUTER FUNDAMENTALS - RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY ........................................... 39

Static RAM (SRAM) .............................................................................................................................. 39

Dynamic RAM (DRAM) ........................................................................................................................ 40

11. COMPUTER FUNDAMENTALS - READ ONLY MEMORY ..................................................... 41

12. COMPUTER FUNDAMENTALS - MOTHERBOARD ............................................................. 43

13. COMPUTER FUNDAMENTALS - MEMORY UNITS ............................................................. 45

14. COMPUTER FUNDAMENTALS - PORTS ............................................................................ 46

15. COMPUTER FUNDAMENTALS - HARDWARE .................................................................... 49

16. COMPUTER FUNDAMENTALS - SOFTWARE ..................................................................... 51

System Software ................................................................................................................................. 51

Application Software ........................................................................................................................... 52

17. COMPUTER FUNDAMENTALS - NUMBER SYSTEM ........................................................... 53

Decimal Number System ..................................................................................................................... 53

Binary Number System ........................................................................................................................ 54

Octal Number System .......................................................................................................................... 54

Hexadecimal Number System .............................................................................................................. 55 iv

 

18. COMPUTER FUNDAMENTALS - NUMBER CONVERSION .................................................. 56

Decimal to Other Base System ............................................................................................................. 56

Other Base System to Decimal System ................................................................................................ 57

Other Base System to Non-Decimal System ......................................................................................... 58

Shortcut Method - Binary to Octal ...................................................................................................... 59

Shortcut method - Octal to Binary ...................................................................................................... 59

Shortcut Method - Binary to Hexadecimal .......................................................................................... 60

Shortcut Method - Hexadecimal to Binary .......................................................................................... 60

19. COMPUTER FUNDAMENTALS - DATA AND INFORMATION .............................................. 61

20. COMPUTER FUNDAMENTALS - NETWORKING ................................................................ 63

21. COMPUTER FUNDAMENTALS - OPERATING SYSTEM ....................................................... 67

22. COMPUTER FUNDAMENTALS - INTERNET AND INTRANET .............................................. 69

23. COMPUTER FUNDAMENTALS - HOW TO BUY A COMPUTER?.......................................... 71

24. COMPUTER FUNDAMENTALS - AVAILABLE COURSES ...................................................... 74

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