Syllabus For The Subject CYTOLOGY, GENETICS EVOLUTION, PLANT BREEDING

UNIT - 01

ULTRA STRUCTURE OF PLANT CELL - STRUCTURE - COMPOSITION - FUNCTIONS OF

CELL - PLASMA MEMBRANE - CYTOPLASM, E.R GOLGI APPARATUS.

UNIT - 02

LYSOSOMES - MITOCHONDRIA - PLASTID - RIBOSOME`S AND NUCLEONS.

UNIT - 03

CHROMOSOMES - STRUCTURE OF CHROMOSOMES - ENCHROMATIN -

HETEROCHROMATIN - GIANT - LAMB RUSH - POLYETHER - CHROMOSOMES.

UNIT - 04

1.FINE STRUCTURE OF GENE - CISTRON, RECON, MUTAN, OPERAN - DNA - STRUCTURE,

FUNCTION & REPLICATION - RNA - TYPES, STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION. PROTEIN

SYNTHESIS AND GENETIC CODE.

2.MUTAGENESIS - MUTATION - REPAIR MECHANISMS - MECHANISM OF DNA REPAIR -

MOLECULAR BASIS OF MUTATION - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL MUTAGENS.

UNIT - 05

GENETICS - MANDALIAN GENETICS - MONOHYBRID AND DIHYBRID RATIO - ALLELIC AND

NON ALLELIC GENE POLYGENIC INHERITANCE - MULTIPLE ALLELES CYTOGENETICS OF

POLYPLOIDY - TRI, MONO, NULLISOMICS POPULATION GENETICS.

UNIT - 06

STRUCTURE OF GENE - CITRON, RECON, MUTAN, OPERAN, DNA STRUCTURE, FUNCTION

REPLICATION, RNA TYPES, PROTEIN SYNTHESIS AND GENETIC CODE.

UNIT - 07

MUTAGENESIS - MUTATION - REPAIR MECHANISMS, MECHANISM OF DNA REPAIR,

MOLECULAR BASICS OF MUTATION PHYSICAL - CHEMICAL MUTAGENS.

UNIT - 08

PLANT BREEDING - INTRODUCTION TO PLANT BREEDING - OBJECTIVE - SCOPE

METHODS, SELF POLLINATED, CROSS POLLINATED, VEGETATIVE, PROPAGATED,

APOMICTS PLANTS.

UNIT - 09

CROP IMPROVEMENT - SELECTION - HYBRIDIZATION - INTRODUCTION -

ACCLIMATIZATION - HETEROSIS.

UNIT - 10

EVOLUTION - EVOLUTIONARY CONCEPTS - ORIGIN OF LIFE SPONTANEOUS -

CHEMOSYNTHETIC EVOLUTION, OF LIVING ORGANISM.

UNIT - 11

VARIATION IN NATURE - ANALYSIS OF VARIATION - SOURCES OF VARIATION MUTATION

RECOMBINATION - ADAPTATION AND SELECTION.

Vinayaka Missions University,Directorate of Distance Education

Salem India

MASTER OF SCIENCE IN BOTANY

1 Yr.

CYTOLOGY, GENETICS EVOLUTION, PLANT BREEDING(2030303)

UNIT - 12

EVOLUTIONARY THEORY - LAMARK, CHARLES DARWIN

 

 

 

 

 

 

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