Syllabus For The Subject Theory & Practical of Guidance & Counselling

THEORY AND PRACTICE OF GUIDANCE & COUNSELLING

OBJECTIVES

At the end of this course the participants will be able to:

ü understand human behaviour at different stages

ü recognize behavioural problems and examine strategies for positive behaviour management

ü identify different types of exceptionalities

ü relate counselling theory to issues in counselling

ü develop an ethical approach to counselling

 

Unit 1 NATURE AND SCOPE OF GUIDANCE

1.1 Concept and Definition of Guidance and Counselling

1.2 Guidance and Life Goals

1.3 The Counselling Vocation

1.4 The Phases of the Counselling Process (Assessment, Intervention, and Termination)

1.5 Characteristics of an Effective Counsellor

1.6 Personal challenges as a Counsellor

 

Unit 2 STAGES OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT AND AREAS OF

GUIDANCE

2.1 Characteristics of Different Stages of Development (Physical, Cognitive, Emotional, Social, and Moral)

2.2 Problems of Childhood

2.3 Problems of Adolescence

2.4 Problems of Adulthood and the Aged

2.5 The Concept of Adjustment and Adjustment at Different Stages of Life

 

Unit 3 EXCEPTIONALITY: TYPES AND PROBLEMS

3.1 Nature of Exceptionality

3.2 Intellectual Exceptionality: Intellectual Superiority and Mental Retardation

3.3 Sensory Handicaps: Visual, Aural, Motor and Speech Handicaps

3.4 Family and Personal Problems of the Exceptional

3.5 Care and Education of the Exceptional

 

Unit 4 COUNSELLING SPECIAL GROUPS

4.1 Characteristics and Needs of Special Groups

Ø Socially and Economically Disadvantaged

Ø Destitutes and Orphans

Ø Delinquents

Ø Drop-outs

Ø Aids Patients

Ø Drug Addicts and Alcoholics

Ø Paedophiles

Ø Homosexuals

4.2 Identifying Support Networks

4.3 Referral Processes

 

Unit 5 INTRODUCTION TO ABUSE COUNSELLING

5.1 Types of Abuse

5.2 Causal Theories of Abuse

5.3 Effects of Abuse

5.4 Statutory Requirements

5.5 Implications for Counselors

5.6 Support Networks

5.7 Referral Processes

 

Unit 6 GROUP AND INDIVIDUAL GUIDANCE

6.1 Understanding Group Membership and Behaviour in Groups (Group Dynamics)

6.2 Characteristics of Group Guidance

6.3 Advantages of Group Guidance

6.4 Planning Group Counselling Sessions

6.5 Skills of Group Facilitation (including dealing with conflict)

6.6 Characteristics of Individual Guidance

6.7 Advantages of Individual Guidance

6.8 The Counselling Set-up

Unit 7 FUNDAMENTAL COUNSELLING SKILLS

7.1 The Client-Counsellor Relationship

Ø The Counsellor as a Role Model

Ø The Counsellor’s Needs

Ø Counsellor Objectivity/Subjectivity

Ø Emotional Involvement

Ø Counselor Limits in Practice

7.2 Basic Counselling Skills

Ø Observation Skills

Ø Questioning

Ø Communication Skills (Listening, Feedback, Non-Verbal)

Ø Making Notes and Reflections

 

7.3 The Counselling Interview

Ø History Taking

Ø Interviewing (Characteristics, Types, Techniques)

7.4 Developing Case Histories

Ø Collecting, Documenting Information

Ø Working with Other Professionals

Unit 8 ETHICS IN COUNSELLING

8.1 Need for Ethical Standards

8.2 Ethical Codes and Guidelines

Ø Rights of Clients

Ø Dimensions of Confidentiality

8.3 Dual Relationships in Counselling Practices

8.4 The Counsellor’s Ethical and Legal Responsibilities

8.5 Ethical Issues in the Assessment Process

 

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