**CHEMICAL PRINCIPLES & PROCESS CALCULATION**

**Foreword **

**Preface **

**Acknowledgment**

**List of symbols **

** **

**1 Units and dimensions **

Introduction

Fundamental and derived units

Fundamental quantities

Derived quantities

System of units

Conversion of units

Dimensional consistency of equations

Dimensional equations

Dimensionless group and constant

Dimensionless equation

Dimensional analysis

Rayleigh’s method

Buckingham’s method

Conversion of equation

Graphical method of integration

Least square method

Curve fitting

Regression

Exercises

**2 Basic chemical calculations **

Introduction

Concept of atom

Moles and mole fraction

Method of expressing the composition mixtures

Equivalent weight

Concept of normality , molarity and molarity

Normality

Molarity

Molality

Concept of PPM

Application of different types of graph

Ordinary graph

Semi-log graph

Log-log graph

Triangular graph

Gases

Ideal gas law

Dalton’s law

Partial pressure

Amagat’s law

Pure component volume

Gaseous mixtures

Relationship between partial , mole fraction of component

Gas to total pressure

Average molecular weight of gas mixture

Density of gas mixture

Non-ideal behavior of gases

Gas-liquid system

Raoult‘s law

Henry; s law

Vapour pressure

Saturated vapour pressure

Unsaturated vapour pressure

Boiling point

Normal boiling point

Effect of temperature on vapour pressure

Vapour pressure of immiscible liquid mixture

Hansbrand chart

Cox chart

Non-volatile solution

Relative vapour pressure

Humidity

Saturated humidity

Percentage of humidity

Relative humidity

Humid heat

Dew point

Dry bulb temperature

Wet bulb temperature

Humidity chart

Humidity vs temperature curve

Humidity vs humid heat line

Specific volume vs temperature line

Adiabatic cooling lines

Application of humidity chart

Humidification

Dehumidification

Mechanism of dehumidification

Approaches to dehumidification

**3 Material balance without chemical reactions **

Introduction

Classification of material balance without chemical reaction

Guidelines for materials balance without chemical reactions

Various important operations carried out in industry

Distillation

Absorption

Extraction

Crystallization

Drying

Mixing

Evaporation

Bypass operation

Recycle operation

Purging operation

Exercise

**4 Material balance with chemical reactions **

Introduction

Principle of stoichiometry

Stoichiometric coefficient

Stoichiometric ration

Stoichiometric proportion

Limited reactants

Excess reactant

Percentage of excess reactants

Inerts

Percentage conversion

Percentage yield

Selectivity

Material balance with single chemical reaction

Material balance with multiple chemical reaction

Bypass operation

Recycle operation

Purging operation

Exercises

**5 Combustion of fuels **

Introduction

Solids fuels

Liquid gaseous fuels

Calorific value of fuels

Analysis of fuel

Ultimate analysis

Proximate analysis

Exercises

**6 Energy balances **

Introduction

Internal energy

Kinetic energy

Potential energy

General steady state energy balance equation

Thermophysics

Thermochemistry

Heat capacity

Heat capacity at constant pressure

Heat capacity at constant volume

Enthalpy

Heat of formation

Heat of reaction

Heat of combustion

Heat of solution

Heat of mixing

Heat of crystallization

Flame temperature

Heat of condensation

Heat of vaporization

Hess’s law

Exercises

Bibliography

Index

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